1. SEVILLE IN GENERAL
  2. HISTORY
  3. SCHEDULE AND PRICES OF THE MOST IMPORTANT MONUMENTS
  4. SURROUNDINGS OF SEVILLA
  5. MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SEVILLA ON THE INTERNET


1. SEVILLE IN GENERAL

Sevilla is the capital of Andalucía, the southern region of Spain. It is the fourth city of Spain in importance and the population of the capital is almost 750.000 people.

Counting the surroundings the population reaches 1.000.000 people.

The country and the city have became, only in a few decades, in a destination for immigrants (and not only a way out for emigrants like in the 60´s), due to the economical development that has changed the country and especially the region, making it a rich and prosperous area. The Spanish culture has been mixed with the culture of all those immigrants who came from South America, Africa or even from different parts of Andalucía.

Here in Sevilla, people speak Spanish but in a fastest way and with a special accent; everyone here is charming so if you can not understand any word or sentence, ask for a repetition because, even if you can not say a word of Spanish, you will understand and people will understand you.

The weather in Sevilla makes a difference. Its dry, long and hot summers (with its mild nights) and its winters, with no less than 10º C, makes famous our city. This is not a rainy region, however in November or December and during the spring (above all in April), it normally rains.

April is a special month in this city because in that month we celebrate “Feria” and sometimes “Semana Santa” as well. This two celebrations is what we know “Fiestas de la Primavera”

“Semana Santa”or “Semana de Pasión” (Easter) is celebrated in the whole country but the most colourful celebrations are in Andalucía. Here in Sevilla, we call it “la Semana Grande” (the Main Week) and it shows the importance that this celebration has to all the citizens.

“Semana Santa” is a religious and solemn celebration. It takes place on the streets and it consists of different groups of people (with their faces covered to hide their identity), making parades around the centre of the city (from different churches to the Cathedral and back). These groups of people (“nazarenos”) are following a sculpture (sometimes a masterpiece of the 15th or 16th Century) that is on a “paso” (a kind of table and it is carried by “costaleros”) and that represents different parts of the Passion.

From the Palms Sunday to the Easter Sunday, there are over 60 Hermandades (each one with two different “pasos”) moving around the streets of the town.

It can be said that “Semana Santa” is a celebration for the five senses and it is true. 

The April Fair (“Feria de Abril”) is just the opposite. It is when all the “sevillanos” celebrate friendship, family, life… It is celebrated between one and two weeks after “Semana Santa” (it is because at least the first day must be in April), so if “Semana Santa” is at the end of March or beginning of April,  there are two weeks between them.

“Feria” takes place in the “Real de la Feria”, a part of the city that is used only during that week (it is near Triana, crossing the River). The “Real” is full of little portable houses, “casetas”, and generally each one belongs to a social club, family, group of friends or similar. Despite this, there are some public “casetas” with free entrance where you can dance, eat, drink and enjoy “Feria”.

The most peculiar thing about “Feria” may be the typical dress; every women and every girl wear it, sometimes one different everyday of the week. It makes “Feria” a colourful celebration.

Also there are a lot of horses (all them of the Andalusian genuine breed) with their horsemen or horsewomen and several carriages guided by the finest drivers.

In the “Real” you can also find a small fairground. Children, parents, teenagers… anyone enjoys here.

And there are more: we can not forget about the bullfighting season, one of the most selective in the country. It lasts from the week before “Feria” until the Monday after. The bullring is one of the city’s monuments.

The most important bullfighters have triumphed here; otherwise they would not be as famous and rich as they are!

There is no doubt about it: bullfighting provokes controversy but a big amount of people loves it and supports it so it will never end.

These are the most famous and known celebrations of the city but anything is different in this city: a music concert, a football (soccer) match or any dance or flamenco festival in Sevilla are special events. That is the reason why anytime is good to visit us because there is not an exceptional season to do it.

About the Spanish food, we can say that is well- known due to the mix between classic and modern cooking that the Spanish cookers are making.

In our city, you may find good restaurants and snack bars everyway you go, but all sharing the same concept: a preference for the innovation but remembering the classical and original recipes. The typical dishes are the gazpacho (cold soup made with tomato, garlic, pepper, cucumber, bread, vinegar and olive oil), pescaíto frito (fried fish), jamón (cured ham) and all types of seafood. However, you can eat dishes from different parts of the region or country.

About the drinks, we must say that the beer is the most popular. We serve it extremely cold but we can not forget about the magnificent wines that do not come from Sevilla but they do from near villages from Cádiz; for example fino or jerez (sherry) that comes from Jerez de la Frontera or manzanilla that comes from Sanlúcar de Barramenda. These tasteful white wines are what people normally order but do not feel shy to drink other kind such as Rioja (red wine) or oloroso (sweet wine). Also, you can try sangría (red wine mixed with fruit and juices) or tinto de verano (red wine with lemonade).

 

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2. HISTORY

For being so well situated, we can speak about the setters of this area (known as Tartessos) in the 9th Century B.C; certainly an early time. Tartessos were living in an old island of the Guadalquivir River (near the current Alfalfa square).  This is what the Tartessos called “Spal” or “Ispal”.

The Tartessos were economically and culturally influenced by two different and important civilizations: Fenicios (that came from Near East, the current Israel and Syria and Lebannon) and Cartagineses (from the old Cartago, in the Northern Africa). But the colonization and relationship that the Fenicios made was not as peaceful as the Cartagineses’ so after many battles and fights between Tartessos and Cartagineses, “Ispal” was totally collapsed and destroyed.

In the 206 B.C. the city was invaded by the Roman Army captained by General Escipión. Due to the aggressive and indomitable behaviour of the inhabitants of “Ispal”, the Romans decided to found a new village near “Hispalis” (the Roman name for the old town of “Ispal”), it was “Itálica” but with the time these two cities will have different uses: “Itálica will be full of villas and houses for the richest people and “Hispalis” will have a main importance as a financial, commercial and industrial centre of this region.

The prosperity ends in the 426 A.C. (after more than six centuries) with the invasion of the Barbarian nations: Vándalos, Suevos (441 B.C.) and Godos (531 B.C) among others. At the end of this era, with the Visigothic city was big and important.

Then, in the 712 B.C., the Arabian Army arrived here. They conquered “Hispalis” and it meant the big era for a new city: “Ishbiliyah”, even depending on Córdoba’s Califato “Ishbiliyah” had became one of the most important kingdom of this time thanks to the development of the culture. The Alcázar and the Giralda tower (a part of the mosque) were built during a special dynasty: the Almohades. This growth of the Architecture and Business continued with the Almorávides.

Despite of this prosperity, the governors were not as powerful as they seemed so their weakness was a profit for those Christians who lived in the Northern Spain so they could win back Al-Andalus. “Ishbiliyah” was reconquered on November 23rd of 1248 and it was ordered by Fernando III.

After this victory, many of the Northern Christians decided to move to the Guadalquivir Valley so our city had a diverse population: Muslims, Christians and Jews that had came from different parts of the kingdom of Castilla. However, Jews were not welcome because they were very clever and soon they were extremely rich and more powerful than the Christians traders. That is the reason why in 1492 they were expulsed from the whole country.

In the same year, Christopher Columbus discovered America and it made Sevilla the main trade harbour between America and Europe. If Sevilla was important in the past, we can say that then it became essential. The population grew and there were more than 100.000 inhabitants in Sevilla and the economy, the trade and the society were modern and rich.

But all this stopped in the 17th century because of a crisis that was bad to all the country but it was definitely worse to our city. The lack of business mixed with terrible floods, plagues and disasters reduced the population to the half. Despite this situation, the Fine Arts flourished: this century is known as The Golden Century if we speak about culture.

In the 18th century we have to speak about the amount of new enterprises that decided to settle here (ceramics, tobacco and others) without any luck because it was a wrong time for business.

The next century was important for our city because all the traders and the middle class in general ordered the construction of many houses, villas and palaces around the city so the city changed a lot. Also in the 1929, Sevilla was chosen to organise the Iberoamerican Exposition and it made a real change: Sevilla became a modern city to welcome all the visitors that came to visit that Exposition.

During the Civil War (1936-1939) Sevilla had an important role: it was one of the big cities that joined the Rebel Army, thanks that, the monuments and the cultural heritage were survived and avoided the bombardments that suffered other cities of the country. After the War and as a part of a poor and devastated country, Sevilla tried during several decades to born again. The city fought and never gave up so in 1992, Sevilla was ignited to arrange a new Exposition.

From that time to now, Sevilla miraculously changed into a new and modern city that remembering its past looks forward to the future with optimism and hope.

 

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3. SCHEDULE AND PRICES OF THE MOST IMPORTANT MONUMENTS

Catedral and Giralda Tower
Winter: Mon-Sat (from 11 am to 5:30 pm). Sun (from 2:30 pm to 6:30 pm)
July and August: Mon-Sat (from 9:30 am to 4 pm). Sun (from 2:30 pm to 6:30 pm).
Price: 7.50 euros . Students, retired or unemployed people, 2 euros. Local people and children under 16 have free entrance.

Reales Alcázares
From October to March: Tues-Sat (from 9:30 am to 5 pm). On Sundays and holidays (From 9:30 am 1:30 pm)
From April to September : Tues-Sat (9:30 am to 7 pm). On Sundays and holidays (from 9:30 am to 6 pm).
Price: 7 euros. It is free for students, children under 12 and retired or disable people. For local people it is free too.

Casa Pilatos
Open everyday.
From April to October from 9 am to 7 pm. From November to March from 9 am to 6 pm
Casa Pilatos has a free entrance on Tuesday  from 1 pm to 7 pm if you are an European citizen.
Price: 8 euros. Only the first floor it costs 5 euros.

Archivo de Indias
Closed on December 25th, January 1st and 6th.
Mon-Sat from 10 am to 4 pm. On Sundays and holidays from 10 am to 2 pm
Price: Free entrance

Torre del Oro
Closed every Monday in August and on holidays
Tues-Fri (from 10 am to 2 pm). On Saturdays and Sundays from 11 am to 2 pm.
Price: 2 euros. It is free on Tuesdays.

Plaza de toros (Bullring)
A guided tour lasts 20 minutes.
It is open everyday but Christmas Day and Holy Friday.
From November to April from 9:30 am 7 pm. From May to October from 9:30 to 8 pm. If there is a Bullfighting, it is open from 9:30 am to 3 pm.
Price: 5 euros. Retired people, 3.5 euros. Children between 7 and 12 years, 2 euros.

Museo de Bellas Artes, Museo Arqueológico Museo de Artes Polulares y Costumbres. (Fine Arts Museum, Archaeological Museum and Museum of popular Arts and Costums).
Tuesdays from 2:30 pm to 8:30 pm. From Wednesday to Saturday from 9 am to 8:30 pm. Sundays from 9 am to 2:30 pm.
Price: 1.50 euros. Students, retired people and European citizen have free entrance.

Hospital de los Venerables
Open everyday from 10 am to 2 pm and from 4 pm to 8 pm.
Price: 4.75 euros. Students and retired people 2.40 euros. On Sundays afternoon it is free.

Ayuntamiento (City Hall)
Guided tours: Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays at 5:30 pm and 6 pm. Closed on August and holidays.
Price: free

Museo del baile flamenco (Flamenco dancing Museum)
From November to March from 9 am to 6 pm. From April to October from 9 am to 7 pm
Price: 10 euros. Students and groups, 8 euros (per person). Children between 6 and 11 years pay 6 euros

Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporáneo  (Modern Art Museum)
Museum: from April to october, Tues-Fri from 10 am to 9 pm. On Saturdays from 11 am to 9 pm. On Sundays and holidays from, 10 am to 3 pm.
Price: 3 euros  

 

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4. SURROUNDINGS OF SEVILLA

Sevilla is a city full of charm but it also has several villages next to it. These villages have a big importance because of their richness in monuments or in natural environments. We can remark these ones:

 

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5. MORE INFORMATION ABOUT SEVILLA ON THE INTERNET:

www.whatsevilla.com
www.sevillaonline.es
www.exploreseville.com
www.therealplaces.com

www.turismosevilla.org
www.sevillaonline.com

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